What is Streptococcus?
Strep A is a common type of bacteria which comes from the Streptococcus family and can colonise the throat, skin and anogenital tract. It causes a diverse range of skin, soft tissue and respiratory track infections.
It is known as a Gram-positive bacteria. Gram-positive bacteria have a thick cell wall which helps to protect the bacteria from antibiotics and other substances that might damage them. They can cause a range of infections, from food poisoning to serious respiratory diseases and some Gram-positive bacteria can produce toxins that can cause lethal illnesses.
Gram-positive bacteria would be one of the most common human pathogens most commonly known for causing strep throat and scarlet fever and there are two main strains of Streptoccus that you should know about.
There is Strep A, and Strep B.
– Strep A is responsible for throat and skin infections
– Strep B is known to cause meningitis and pneumonia
Symptoms to look out for with Strep A?
It is important to note that Strep A can affect both adults and children and can cause serious illness to people who may have lower immune system or be vulnerable or more suseptable to illness. If you spot any of the below symptoms in your facility, you should check, clean and ensure that any spread is prevented.
Common symptoms of a Strep A infection are:
– flu-like symptoms, such as high temperature, swollen glands, or an aching body.
– Sore throat (strep throat or tonsillitis)
– A rash that feels rough, like sandpaper (scarlet fever)
– Scabs and sores (impetigo)
– Pain and swelling (cellulitis)
– Severe muscle aches
– Nausea and vomiting
Its good to remember that most Strep A infections are not serious and can be treated with antibiotics, but sometimes the infection can cause serious problems.